Site API has its own view configuration, available under
ngcontent_view key. Aside from
Query Type configuration that is documented separately, this is
exactly the same as eZ Platform’s default view configuration under
content_view key. You can use
this configuration right after the installation, but note that it won’t be used for full views
rendered for eZ Platform URL aliases right away. Until you configure that, it will be used only when
calling its controller explicitly with
Content on this page:
To use Site API view rules for pages rendered from eZ Platform URL aliases, you have to enable it for a specific siteaccess with the following semantic configuration:
netgen_ez_platform_site_api: system: frontend_group: override_url_alias_view_action: true
frontend_group is the siteaccess group (or a siteaccess) for which you want to activate the
Site API. This switch is useful if you have a siteaccess that can’t use it, for example a custom
admin or intranet interface.
To use Site API view configuration automatically on pages rendered from eZ Platform URL aliases, you need to enable it manually per siteaccess.
Once you enable
override_url_alias_view_action for a siteaccess, all your full view templates
and controllers will need to use Site API to keep working. They will be resolved from Site API view
configuration, available under
ngcontent_view key. That means Content and Location variables
inside Twig templates will be instances of Site API Content and Location value objects,
variable passed to your custom controllers will be an instance of Site API ContentView variable, and
If needed you can still use
content_view rules. This will allow you to have both Site API
template override rules as well as original eZ Platform template override rules, so you can rewrite
your templates bit by bit. You can decide which one to use by directly rendering either
It’s also possible to configure fallback between Site API and eZ Platform views. With it, if the rule is not matched in one view configuration, the fallback mechanism will try to match it in the other. Find out more about that in the following section.
For example, if using the following configuration:
ezpublish: system: frontend_group: ngcontent_view: line: article: template: '@App/content/line/article.html.twig' match: Identifier\ContentType: article content_view: line: article: template: '@App/content/line/ez_article.html.twig' match: Identifier\ContentType: article
Rendering a line view for an article with
ng_content:viewAction would use
@App/content/line/article.html.twig template, while rendering a line view for an article with
ez_content:viewAction would use
It is also possible to use custom controllers, this is documented on Custom controllers reference documentation page.
You can configure fallback between Site API and eZ Platform views. Fallback can be controlled through two configuration options (showing default values):
ezpublish: system: frontend_group: ng_fallback_to_secondary_content_view: false ng_fallback_without_subrequest: false
With this option you control whether automatic fallback will be used. By default, automatic fallback is disabled. Secondary content view means the fallback can be used both from Site API to eZ Platform views, and from eZ Platform to Site API content views. Which one will be used is defined by
override_url_alias_view_actionconfiguration documented above.
With this option you can control whether the fallback will use a subrequest (default), or Twig functions that can render content view without a subrequest. That applies both to automatic and manually configured fallback. Rendering views without a subrequest is faster in debug mode, where profiling is turned on. Depending on the number of views used on a page, performance improvement when not using subrequest can be significant.
For backward compatibility reasons,
ng_fallback_without_subrequest are turned off, but in next major release that will be
reversed by default.
When fallback is enabled default templates for the primary view will not be used. Otherwise the fallback would never happen, because the primary view would always use the default templates instead of falling back to the secondary view. Similarly, when falling back to the secondary view, if its view configuration doesn’t match, the default template of the secondary view will be rendered.
You can also configure fallback manually, per view. This is done by configuring a view to render one of two special templates, depending if the fallback is from Site API to eZ Platform views or the opposite.
This template is used for fallback from Site API to eZ Platform views. In the following example it’s used to configure fallback for
ezpublish: system: frontend_group: ngcontent_view: line: article: template: '@NetgenEzPlatformSiteApi/content_view_fallback/to_ez_platform.html.twig' match: Identifier\ContentType: article
This template is used for fallback from eZ Platform to Site API views. In the following example it’s used to configure fallback for all
ezpublish: system: frontend_group: content_view: full: catch_all: template: '@NetgenEzPlatformSiteApi/content_view_fallback/to_site_api.html.twig' match: ~
With Site API, it’s also possible to configure redirects directly from the view configuration.
You can set up temporary or permanent redirect to either
Tag, Symfony route or any full url.
For the target configuration you can use expression language, meaning it is easily possible to redirect, for example, to the parent of the current location, or to the named object.
ezpublish: system: frontend_group: ngcontent_view: container: redirect: target: "@=location.parent" target_parameters: foo: bar permanent: false match: Identifier\ContentType: container article: redirect: target: "@=namedObject.getLocation('homepage')" target_parameters: foo: bar siteaccess: cro permanent: true absolute: true match: Identifier\ContentType: article category: redirect: target: '@=location.getChildren(1)' permanent: true match: Identifier\ContentType: category news: redirect: target: 'login' target_parameters: foo: bar permanent: false match: Identifier\ContentType: news blog: redirect: target: 'https://netgen.io' match: Identifier\ContentType: blog
There also shortcuts available for simplified configuration:
ezpublish: system: frontend_group: ngcontent_view: container: temporary_redirect: "@=namedObject.getTag('running')" match: Identifier\ContentType: container category: permanent_redirect: "@=content.getFieldRelation('internal_redirect')" match: Identifier\ContentType: container
Configuration of named objects is documented in more detail below.
Shortcut functions are available for accessing each type of named object directly:
Provides access to named Content.
Provides access to named Location.
Provides access to named Tag.
Named objects feature provides a way to configure specific objects (
Tag) by name and ID, and a way to access them by name from PHP, Twig and Query Type
netgen_ez_platform_site_api: system: frontend_group: named_objects: content: certificate: 42 site_info: 'abc123' location: homepage: 2 articles: 'zxc456' tag: categories: 24 colors: 'bnm789'
From the example,
site_info are names of Content objects,
articles are names of Location objects and
colors are names of Tag
objects. The example also shows it’s possible to use both a normal ID (integer) or remote ID
(string). In fact, it shows a short syntax, where the type of ID is inferred from the type, while
full syntax equivalent to the above would be:
netgen_ez_platform_site_api: system: frontend_group: named_objects: content: certificate: id: 42 site_info: remote_id: 'abc123' location: homepage: id: 2 articles: remote_id: 'zxc456' tag: categories: id: 24 colors: remote_id: 'bnm789'
Sometimes when the content model is changed or for any reason the data is not consistent, it can happen that some Content Fields are missing. In case of content model change that is a temporary situation lasting while the data is being updated in the background. But even in the case of inconsistent database, typically you do not want that to result in site crash.
To account for this Site API provides the following semantic configuration:
netgen_ez_platform_site_api: system: frontend_group: fail_on_missing_fields: true render_missing_field_info: false
fail_on_missing_fields is set to
%kernel.debug% container parameter, which means
accessing a nonexistent field in
dev environment will fail and result in a
On the other hand, when not in debug mode (in
prod environment), the system will not crash, but
will instead return a special
Surrogate type field, which always evaluates as empty and renders
to an empty string. In this case, a
critical level message will be logged, so you can find and
fix the problem.
Second configuration option
render_missing_field_info controls whether
Surrogate field will
render as an empty string or it will render useful debug information. By default its value is
false, meaning it will render as an empty string. That behavior is also what you should use in
the production environment. Setting this option to
true can be useful in debug mode, together
false, as that will provide a visual cue about the
missing field without the page crashing and without the need to go into the web debug toolbar to
find the logged message.
You can configure both
siteaccess or siteaccess group.